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Daring Moment 151: Meatme

Congratulations to Meatme for being selected by our panel and earning the title of Daring Moment 151. This innovative project is a new spin on farm-to-table that supports local farmers and ethically raised meat. Learn more at meatme.ca.

Daring Moment 151: Meatme

Congratulations to Meatme for being selected by our panel and earning the title of Daring Moment 151. This innovative project is a new spin on farm-to-table that supports local farmers and ethically raised meat. Learn more at meatme.ca.

FIND 151

Meatme has been selected to receive a $25,000 contribution from Cadillac Canada along with a mentorship from Chef Nick Liu.

PROJECTS

Merchant Sons

Homewares retailer Merchant Sons shares their idea with PARTISANS architecture and design firm co-founder Alex Josephson.

WATCH VIDEO

PASSEN

3D body-scanning ecommerce company Passen shares their idea with jewelry designer and entrepreneur Jenny Bird. 

WATCH VIDEO

Hyr

On-demand work app Hyr shares their idea with entrepreneur and Clearbanc co-founder Michele Romanow.

WATCH VIDEO

MeatMe

Farm-to-table company MeatMe shares their idea with Executive Chef and DaiLo co-founder Nick Liu.

WATCH VIDEO

Ripple Farms

Urban farming and aquaponics company Ripple Farms shares their idea with Glossier Chief Technology Officer Bryan Mahoney.

WATCH VIDEO

PANEL DISCUSSION

Our panel of Culture Leaders discusses the ideas they heard and choose Daring Moment 151.

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PANEL

150 daring moments

See moments from Canada’s history that paved the way for the future. Scroll or use the slider to explore.

150

150 and beyond.

On July 1, 2017, Canada celebrates its 150th anniversary since Confederation in 1867, along with all of the daring moments that have defined the country’s past and future.

149

Giving relief.

Following the Fort McMurray, AB wildfire in 2016, Canadians donated a reported $165 million to the relief effort. The federal government contributed $104 million to match individual Canadian donors, and the province matched the $30 million given by individual Albertans.

148

Searching for sunken Terror.

After years of failed research attempts to find the famed HMS Terror, an Inuit Canadian Ranger on patrol spotted the ship’s mast, confirming its location in local legend. He led researchers to the ship in a matter of hours.

147

Call for help.

Canada maintains a direct phone line to the federal government that provides general information on Government of Canada programs, services, and initiatives and how to access them. The number is 1-800-O-Canada.

146

Safe harbour.

Between 2015-2016, the government of Canada played an active role in resettling more than 39,000 Syrian refugees who were displaced due to conflict in their home country.

145

Canada makes the hits.

In December 2015, Canadian artists held seven of the top 10 spots on the major U.S. music chart. The only other foreign country to do so was the U.K. during the height of the British Invasion in the 1960s.

144

“Because it’s 2015.”

The newly-elected Canadian Prime Minister appointed the first gender-equal cabinet in Canadian history in 2015. When asked why, he provided a simple response.

143

Basketball’s future.

In a championship game against the heavily-favoured U.S. team in a tournament, a 19-year-old Canadian basketball player scored 33 points, leading Canada to a gold medal. She went on to represent the country both in the United States on a highly-touted college team and internationally as a part of the Canadian national team.

142

A good sport.

In 2014, a Canadian ski coach came to the aid of a Russian competitor who had broken a ski and was struggling to finish his run. The coach ran onto the course and strapped him into a Canadian athlete’s spare ski.

141

Oh Canada.

At a pro hockey game in Toronto during the 2014 season, the national anthem singer’s microphone cut out in the middle of the U.S. national anthem. Without missing a beat, the home town crowd joined together to finish singing the away team’s anthem as a group.

140

A marketable difference.

The world’s best food markets were ranked by a global publication in 2012 with Toronto’s St. Lawrence Market beating out New York’s Union Square Greenmarket and St. Lucia’s Castries Market to take the top spot.

139

The music world’s stage.

A Montreal band shocked the music world by winning the prestigious Album of the Year award in 2011 for their tour de force third album, beating out several much more famous and commercially successful U.S. acts in the process.

138

Skating a trail.

The first Canadian female hockey player to be inducted into the hall of fame received the honour long after being controversially left off the first major women’s national team in 1998.

137

Playing the hero.

In an international hockey tournament, Canada trailed Russia 5-4 late in the semifinal in Ottawa. In the game’s dying seconds, the puck found its way to the front of the net and a Canadian player put it home. The same player scored the eventual shootout winner, advancing his team’s run and cementing his place in Canadian hockey history.

136

Changing the hip-hop game.

With the release of his third mixtape in 2009, a Toronto hip-hop artist launched into his meteoric rise to fame, turning the music world’s attention to the North in the process.

135

Presidential design.

A young up-and-coming Canadian fashion designer saw his work on the world’s stage, when one of his dresses was worn by the First Lady during the presidential inauguration ceremony in 2009.

134

Standing out.

A milestone in a long and highly influential career, Canada’s most renowned architect unveiled his striking renovations to Toronto’s now-iconic art gallery in 2008.

133

Honouring heroes.

After witnessing thousands of people join together to honour fallen Canadian soldiers on the overpasses of Ontario Highway 401, a university student in Windsor started an online petition to rename a section of it, the “Highway of Heroes.” The name stands to this day.

132

The MVP from BC.

A quick-footed basketball player hailing from Victoria, BC became the first Canadian to be named professional basketball’s Most Valuable Player in 2005. He was named MVP again in 2006, and retired with the highest career free throw percentage in pro basketball history.

131

Canada declares all love is equal.

Canada became the first country outside of Europe to nationally legalize same-sex marriage with the enactment of the Civil Marriage Act in 2005.

130

Pushing for change.

A Canadian skateboarder started a new type of initiative in 2004 after losing many of his loved ones to cancer. He went on to skate over 8,000 km to raise money and awareness about cancer prevention, covering the distance from Southern Ontario to Los Angeles.

129

Bringing home the hardware.

In 2004, French Canadian director Denys Arcand’s Les Invasions Barbares won the Oscar for Best Foreign Film. It became the first Canadian film to ever win in the category.

128

A masterful lay-up.

Instead of going for the green, Canada’s famed left-handed golfer laid up on the 15th hole at the 2003 edition of golf’s most prestigious tournament to set himself up for a birdie to tie the leader. He went on to become the first lefty and only Canadian to win one of golf’s four major championships.

127

Search and rescue.

In September 2003, two men, one a French-Canadian explorer and adventurer, risked their lives to come to the rescue of four hikers on Baffin Island who had attempted to cross a treacherous river and were overtaken by the current.

126

Special chefs.

Located on a small organic farm two hours north of Toronto, Eigensinn Farm became the first Canadian restaurant to make the World’s 50 Best restaurants list, coming in at number 9 in 2003. It remains one of only two Canadian restaurants to ever make the list.

125

Record-breaking benefit.

In 2003, a benefit concert—in response to an outbreak of SARS in Toronto—colloquially known as “SARSStock” became the largest ticketed outdoor event in Canadian history.

124

Remote surgery.

Dr. Mehran Anvari began to pioneer what has become known as remote-controlled surgery in 2003, which may someday replace the need for doctors to be physically present to carry out procedures. In recent years, Dr. Anvari has been developing another innovation: the use of robotic technology originally designed for the International Space Station as a tool to aid in the early diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer.

123

Far North.

A British explorer became the first person to trek from Ward Hunt Island, NU to the Geographic North Pole solo and without resupply—a journey of over 770 km.

122

Leading the way.

In 2003, Canada became the first country to implement a global initiative to supply generic drugs to developing countries to help combat AIDS/HIV.

121

Rescue down under.

Two brave Canadian pilots flew a small plane from Alberta to Antarctica to rescue a stranded doctor in need of medical treatment. In the process, the pair set a world record for landing and taking off in the cold, with temperatures near -60 ˚C.

120

Youth activism.

A six-year-old Canadian boy began raising money for clean water initiatives in developing countries. By the age of 10, he had started his own foundation. He has since raised millions of dollars for water and sanitation projects in Africa.

119

The Iceman Cometh.

Three sheep hunters 1,000 miles north of Vancouver came across more than they bargained for. Initially stumbling upon a series of artifacts frozen in the ice within the Tatshenshini-Alsek Park glacier, it wasn’t long before they discovered the body of “The Canadian Iceman.”

118

Emergency response.

Operation Yellow Ribbon was the name given to the Canadian response to the September 11 attacks, where 238 flights were diverted out of U.S. airspace in into the safety of airports on Canadian soil all across the country.

117

A different kind of stay.

One of the country’s most famous and ambitious hotels opened in Quebec City in 2001. The attraction brings tens of thousands of tourists each year, who can enjoy the hotel’s rooms and full bar—made entirely out of ice.

116

Protecting what matters.

Canada’s Environmental Protection Act came into effect in 1999, providing a concrete approach for identifying and managing chemical substances in the environment that went unregulated in previous programs.

115

Welcome aboard.

Nunavut became Canada’s third territory in 1999, marking the first major change to the country’s political map since Newfoundland and Labrador joined Canada in 1949.

114

Advocacy in sport.

A famed professional athlete from Canada came out in 1998, which reportedly caused him to lose a lucrative motivational speaker deal. He went on to become a prominent gay rights advocate in Canada and abroad.

113

Big country.

A Canadian artist released her breakthrough third album in 1997. It became the best-selling country music album, the best-selling studio album by a female act, and the best-selling album by a Canadian, with over 40 million copies sold worldwide.

112

Against the film grain.

The largest and most successful mini-major film studio in North America was founded in Vancouver in 1997. The studio went on to make a name for itself by producing films that were initially deemed too controversial by major studios.

111

Bridging the gap.

A 13-kilometre bridge was opened in 1997, connecting Prince Edward Island to the mainland in New Brunswick. The massive undertaking involved a four-year construction and an estimated cost of $1 billion. But the year after it opened, the number of visitors to the Island had nearly doubled.

110

The World’s Fastest Man.

A sprinter, born in Jamaica but raised in Canada, broke the world’s 100-metre record in 1996. As a result, he earned himself the title of the “World’s Fastest Man.”

109

Walk it off.

A Toronto baseball player hit a walk-off home run to win the team’s second consecutive championship in 1993. It was the first time in league history a team trailing in the ninth inning of a championship game came back to win it with a home run.

108

New heights.

Canada’s first female astronaut also became the first neurologist in space in 1992. She went on to serve as the head of medicine at the space agency for a decade, and later received the Order of Canada.

107

Against the odds.

A Canadian rower who was originally the odds-on favourite suffered a severe leg injury during training. She returned to compete only weeks later, capturing a bronze medal. She was honoured with carrying the country’s flag at the event’s closing.

106

Cracking the code.

A Canadian computer scientist who’s made major contributions to numerous software systems is also credited as the father of a breakthrough programming language that was developed in 1991 and is still in use today.

105

Mic drop.

Michie Mee was the first Canadian hip-hop MC to sign to a major American label. Her breakthrough album Jamaican Funk – Canadian Style was released in 1991, pioneering hip-hop in Canada for generations to come.

104

The Red and White planet.

A piece of Canada made its way to Mars in 1991. A crater on the surface of the Red Planet was officially named after the small town of Gander, NL in recognition of its history of contributions to aviation and aerospace technologies.

103

Game on.

One of the world’s leading video game universities is founded in Vancouver in 1988. The university began teaching students from around the globe the fundamentals of video game development back in the early days of 16-bit technology.

102

Canadian content.

In 1988, the first Canadian TV station dedicated to children’s programming went on the air. Shortly after its debut, the station decided to focus on creating original Canadian content as opposed to predominantly broadcasting shows from the U.S. As a result, it helped grow the entertainment industry in Canada and launched the careers of some of the country’s biggest stars.

101

Fourth time’s the charm.

After his disappointing international performance, a Canadian figure skater became the first person to land a quadruple jump in competition at the 1988 championships in Budapest, Hungary.

100

A cultural mosaic.

The Canadian Multiculturalism Act is passed as a law in 1988, guaranteeing people the right to preserve and share their cultural heritage, as well as the freedom to participate in all aspects of Canadian society. The groundwork for the Act was laid in 1971, when Canada became the first country in the world to adopt an official multiculturalism policy.

99

Giving shelter.

The People of Canada received a United Nations award for sheltering world refugees in 1986.

98

Looking up.

One of the first Canadian astronauts quickly became the first Canadian to reach outer space in 1984. He went on to take part in three more flights throughout the years, inspiring several generations of Canadian astronauts that followed.

97

A first for Governors.

In 1984, Canada appointed its first female Governor General in history, who also became only the second woman amongst all the Commonwealth realms to serve in an equivalent role.

96

Digging dinosaurs.

After the collapse of the coal industry, a small Alberta town needed an economic boost. After much deliberation, the idea behind what became Canada’s first and only preeminent paleontology research centre was born, turning the badland region into the country’s dinosaur capital. The museum continues to be more than just a national landmark for everything prehistoric: it’s become a vital research facility worldwide.

95

A massive discovery.

The largest and most famous shipwreck in history was discovered in 1985 off the coast of Newfoundland, over 70 years after it sank. The first large-scale exploration of the wreckage occurred over 15 years later, which was documented by one of Hollywood’s most celebrated Canadian filmmakers.

94

Taking control in a crisis.

The flight crew managed to land what has come to be known as the “Gimli Glider” in 1983: a commercial flight that ran out of fuel halfway through its journey due to a miscalculation. It made an emergency landing at a former air base turned racetrack in Gimli, MB, with no serious injuries to those on board or on the ground.

93

Moving up mountains.

In 1982, the first Canadian to ever summit Mount Everest completed his journey and attached a Canadian flag to a platform on its peak. He became one of under 100 people to have successfully made it to the summit at the time.

92

A career of firsts.

In a career filled with firsts, Bertha Wilson achieved many feats in the legal profession. Most notably, she became the first woman appointed as a Justice of the Supreme Court of Canada in 1982.

91

Reaching forward.

The revolutionary Canadarm’s first flight was with the space shuttle Columbia in 1981. During its 30-year run, the Canadarm established Canada as a global leader in technological innovation and robotics.

90

Saved from extinction.

With American bald eagles facing extinction, Canadian scientists in Cape Breton, NS scaled trees to capture baby bald eagles before secretly sending them on a plane full of fish heads to the American east coast. Over 500 eagles were bred thanks to their efforts, and the American bald eagle population went from endangered to unlisted in only 15 years.

89

Making music new.

Two years before the United States’ famed all-music TV station went on air, Canada debuted a revolutionary program of its own. The groundbreaking production was the first in-depth music show of its kind, exposing local bands and music culture to a TV audience for the first time.

88

No pressure.

Canadian Dr. Phil Nuytten developed the Newtsuit in 1979: a revolutionary one-atmosphere diving suit. His contributions to the field have continued over the years, and he is currently developing a new type ultra-lightweight powered exoskeleton called the Exosuit.

87

Here’s some trivia for you.

Canadians Chris Haney and Scott Abbott weren’t exactly sure how to create a board game, but they knew they had a good idea for one. To turn their idea into reality, they posed as reporters at a Montreal toy fair to get the information they needed. Two years later, their hand-scribbled pieces of paper became Trivial Pursuit.

86

Canada’s Renaissance man.

Canada produced one of the most prolific inventors of the twentieth century. This man’s contributions include the electric wheelchair, the micro-surgical staple gun, Canada’s first nuclear reactor, and the famed Canadarm device used in the space shuttle—amongst many others. At age 72, he was summoned out of retirement to help update the Canadarm, due to his unparalleled knowledge of its inner workings.

85

A towering achievement.

In 1976, what was then the tallest freestanding structure in the world opened its doors in Toronto. It was eventually overtaken, but it remains the tallest freestanding structure in the Western hemisphere, and a defining part of the city’s skyline.

84

Leave it to the beaver.

The industrious beaver was officially declared the national animal of Canada in 1975, despite appearing as an unofficial symbol as early as the First World War. Along with the Maple Leaf, it has become a recognizable symbol of pride for Canadians around the world.

83

Santa answers.

In 1974, Canada took ownership of Santa’s address. The mailing address—Santa Claus, North Pole HOH OHO—is owned by Canada’s primary postal operator. Each year, volunteers reply to the millions of letters sent to Santa, writing back in over 30 languages.

82

The goal heard ‘round the world.

During an infamously heated hockey series between Canada and Russia in 1972, a Canadian scored what has become one of the country’s most iconic and celebrated goals of all time, turning him into a national hero in an instant.

81

From highways to hilltops.

Canada’s first world championship medalist in downhill skiing was born in Saskatchewan with no mountains to train on. So instead, he strapped into a ski rack atop his Dad’s pickup truck, who then drove him down the highway at speeds up to 100 km/h. This unorthodox training paid off when he medalled in 1972.

80

Actually, it does compute.

Three Canadian scientists and engineers teamed together to do pioneering work in computer music and animation at the National Research Council of Canada in the 1970s that was extremely influential in the field of human-computer interaction.

79

On a roll.

Vancouver chef Hidekazu Tojo is credited with popularizing Japanese cuisine in both Canada and the West Coast, due in part to his influential “Tojo-maki roll”. Noticing that customers were reluctant to try sushi with seaweed visible, he added rice to the outside of the roll, inspiring what has become known as the California Roll worldwide.

78

Care for everyone.

Medicare, or universal health care, came into effect Canada-wide in 1968, providing universal coverage for all citizens and permanent residents. The view that health care is a social good rather than a commodity has become a defining feature of Canadian society.

77

Keep your eye on the tuck.

Playing as a six-year-old in a league of 10-year-olds, a young hockey prodigy couldn’t find a jersey that fit. Instead, he tucked his oversized jersey into the back of his hockey pants. He continued to do so throughout his career while breaking nearly every professional hockey record there was.

76

Capturing the world’s imagination.

The Expo 67 World’s Fair opened in Montreal in 1967. It went on to be considered the most successful World's Fair of the 20th Century, and set a single-day attendance record of 569,500.

75

The best on the big screen.

In 1967, a Canadian-directed film took home Hollywood’s top honour: the title of Best Picture. Its director was also nominated for an award of his own.

74

The Maple Leaf makes its debut.

During the Suez Crisis, Canadian peacekeepers were not allowed on the ground in Egypt due to the country’s flag still featuring Britain’s Union Jack. Canada’s newly-appointed Prime Minister then ordered that the country create its own flag, and in 1965, the Maple Leaf was born7.

73

Unbreakable effort.

In 1964, a defenceman in a pro hockey game broke his leg during a playoff game, and had to be stretchered off of the ice. He later returned to the game for overtime and scored the game-winning goal, helping propel his team to their third consecutive championship.

72

A Canadian takes Kentucky.

A Canadian racehorse that nobody wanted (he was seen as too small and stocky to be taken seriously) went on to set a record in Kentucky, taking the title in two minutes flat. His influence didn’t stop there: in 2014, all 20 horses competing in Kentucky were a part of his bloodline.

71

Conquering the incurable.

It was a Canadian-born pathologist doing breakthrough work in cell progression that helped transform cervical cancer from what was then one of the deadliest forms of cancer to a much more treatable form today.

70

Getting tired of the same old toppings.

A Greek-Canadian restaurant owner experimented with pizza toppings at his Chatham, ON establishment, where he decided to add pineapple slices to a pizza in 1962. He then added ham simply because he was out of everything else at the time, and Hawaiian pizza was born.

69

The birth of a breakthrough.

Two Canadian doctors discovered the existence of transplantable stem cells at the Ontario Cancer Institute in Toronto in 1961—stem cell science was born.

68

Thinking in braille.

A legally blind electrical engineer from Quebec used technology to better see the world. When computers were still in their infancy in the 1960s, he envisioned a new solution for creating braille characters on paper, revolutionizing the formerly long and expensive process. His invention lives on today as braille translation software.

67

Let’s take another look.

The first-ever instant replay was created with the use of a kinescope by a Canadian television producer during a national hockey broadcast in 1955. Its use has since spread to nearly every sport on the planet.

66

Diving headfirst into history.

In 1954, Canadian Marilyn Bell became the first person to swim across Lake Ontario: a 20-hour swim that stretched over 50 km. Bell endured cold, 21°C water with waves up to five-metres, and even occasional bites from lamprey eels on her arms and legs.

65

A revolution in film.

In 1952, visionary National Film Board of Canada filmmaker Norman McLaren won an Oscar for his short film, “Neighbours”. The film uses techniques typically reserved for animation to tell the story of escalating animosity between two neighbours over a flower—a subversive commentary on war.

64

Heart breakthrough.

In 1950, the pacemaker was invented by a doctor at a university in Toronto. In recognition of this doctor’s numerous contributions to the field, he became known as the “Father of biomedical engineering in Canada.”

63

Safer surgery.

In the 1950s, a Canadian surgeon developed a breakthrough technique of using hypothermia to slow tissue metabolism during surgery, protecting the patient’s heart and brain from damage as a result.

62

The Canadian civil rights movement.

In 1946, a Black businesswoman from Halifax was arrested for sitting in the "White-only" section of a New Glasgow theatre. The woman sued the theatre, and her case became an important tipping point for the modern civil rights movement in Canada.

61

Human rights for all.

After enduring years of childhood bullying due to losing his arm in an accident, a man from New Brunswick later wrote the first draft of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, citing the empathy he gained for all people during his childhood as inspiration.

60

“We Want Robinson!”

During the “Little World Series” in 1946, the hometown Montreal crowd chanted “We Want Robinson!”, embracing the soon-to-be star Montreal Royals infielder Jackie Robinson. They won the series, and Robinson went on to break professional baseball’s colour barrier.

59

United for peace.

Following the Second World War in 1945, Canada was among the founding members of the United Nations. In the years since its inception, Canada has played an integral role as a peacekeeper during numerous conflicts around the world.

58

Escaping the odds.

Canadian actress Mona Parsons hid Allied soldiers from German forces when she lived in the Netherlands. She was caught and sentenced to hard labour in a German prison camp, where she served four years before escaping and hiking over 125 km to safety2.

57

Juno Beach.

During the Second World War, the Canadian landings on the Juno Beach sector of the Normandy coast became one of the most successful operations carried out on D-Day on June 6, 1944.

56

Putting families first.

In 1945, Canada’s first universal welfare program came into existence in the form of Family Allowance. The program was designed to combat poverty and economic insecurity, and has since evolved into many forms of assistance for families in need.

55

A lasting gesture.

An exiled Dutch Princess gave birth to her daughter while living in Ottawa, ON. Her hospital room was temporarily declared extraterritorial by the Government of Canada to ensure the princess would be born with purely Dutch lineage. Five years later, the family returned to Canada, bringing 100,000 tulip bulbs with them. Each year, the Dutch continue to send Canada tulips as a thank-you.

54

Breaking through black-and-white.

The first Canadian woman to direct a colour film was Judith Crawley in 1940. Instrumental to the development of filmmaking in Canada, Crawley went on to be regarded as Canada’s first female filmmaker.

53

Suiting up.

The anti-gravity suit was devised and prototyped by a Canadian man in 1940. When he first tested it, he quickly realized he had designed the suit to fit to him while he was standing, not sitting in an airplane. He described the experience as feeling as though the pressure was going to cut him in two. His G-Suit is credited with having saved the lives of thousands of Allied fighter pilots during the war.

52

Banning the bar.

In 1947, a 60% increase in the price of chocolate bars caused children all over the country to stage protests to bring back the “Nickel Bar.” The protests made headlines across the country as statement against all excessive price hikes as wartime price controls were phased out.

51

Walkie-Talkie man.

The first steps forward in mobile wireless communication were taken by a pioneering Canadian man. He created and patented many communications devices, the most influential of which was an early version of the walkie-talkie in 1938.

50

We’re on the air.

Canada’s national public radio and television broadcaster went on air for the first time in 1936. It has had a tremendous amount of influence over the development of Canadian journalism and entertainment in radio, television, and other forms of media since its inception.

49

Snow man.

A French-Canadian man built the first snowmobile in 1935, a vehicle steered by skis that could hold two or three passengers. Two years later, the same man built a seven-seat version, which quickly sold to doctors, ambulance drivers, and priests living in remote areas, before the invention quickly expanded into widespread commercial and public use.

48

Before he could save others, he needed to be saved.

After receiving numerous rejections, legend has it that a young artist threw one of his early comic books into a fireplace out of frustration, causing his co-author to jump up and save the cover from the flames. Had it burned, the most famous superhero of all time may never have existed.

47

Independent at last.

In 1931, the Statute of Westminster granted Canada near-complete political independence from Britain, including the right to an independent foreign policy. The Statute was a major step in Canada forming an identity of its own.

46

Research and development.

Three doctors from a Toronto hospital developed and produced Pablum in 1930: a cereal-like food made of vitamins, minerals, and starches designed to improve infant nutrition. The product was incredibly popular when it debuted, and its royalties helped support the hospital’s research initiatives for the next 25 years.

45

Canada’s ace.

Canada’s bravest pilot in the First World War was a flying ace who eventually received the Victoria Cross during the First World War. The pilot was credited with 72 official victories, making him the top Canadian ace of the war.

44

Behind the mask.

A Canadian goaltender had his nose broken by a puck during a game in 1930. A month later, he returned wearing a leather mask—becoming the first goalie to do so in history. It would be three decades before another goalie followed suit. Eventually all goaltenders would wear a mask, some of which have featured a design in his honour.

43

Building bridges.

In 1929, what became the longest suspension bridge in the world at the time was built, connecting Detroit to Windsor, Ontario. It still stands today, and has become one of the busiest international border crossings in North America.

42

Star power.

After her numerous roles during the silent film era made her one of the most popular actors of her time, the Canadian star appeared in her first “talkie” in 1929. Her role in the film won her only the second-ever Best Actress title to be issued.

41

Heard from coast to coast.

In 1928, Canada’s first female broadcaster made her on-air debut. Her casual, “guest-in-your-living room” approach made her extremely popular across the country, and she was reportedly so dedicated to her show that she gave her final broadcast from her hospital bed.

40

The mystery author.

Leslie McFarlane was a largely unknown Canadian author who wrote the majority of the immensely popular Hardy Boys book series from 1927-1946, penning 19 of the first 25 books without receiving credit until many years later. To this day, all Hardy Boys books are written under the same penname: Franklin W. Dixon.

39

Taking flight.

In 1927, the world’s first woman to earn an aeronautical engineering degree graduated from a Toronto university. She was known for accompanying the pilots on all test flights, including the dangerous first flight, of every aircraft she worked on.

38

One sweet story.

A Canadian soldier bought an orphaned bear cub in England during the First World War and named her after his home town of Winnipeg. The bear became the inspiration behind one of the world’s most famous and beloved children’s book characters.

37

Turning on a dime.

Long before finding its place on the dime, the legendary Bluenose schooner launched in Nova Scotia in 1922. The Bluenose had a long career as both a fishing and racing schooner, winning several International Fishermen’s Trophies—in many cases, by beating ships that were specifically designed to beat the Bluenose.

36

An important appointment.

Agnes Macphail became the first and only woman elected to the House of Commons in 1921, the first year that women had the vote. Macphail went on to become a champion of prison reform, advocating for education and rehabilitation over corporal punishment, becoming one of the first prominent Canadian figures to do so5.

35

One critical coin toss.

Dr. Frederick Banting reportedly chose his summer lab assistant with a flip of a coin in 1921, when Charles Best won over Clark Noble. That very summer, Banting and Best’s research led to the pair discovering and developing insulin as a treatment for diabetes.

34

Changing the landscape.

Self-described modern artists the Group of Seven held their first exhibit in Toronto in 1920. They interpreted and transformed the Canadian landscape with new techniques and a use of vivid colour, leading to the Group becoming among the most influential artists in the country’s history.

33

Scoring the first gold.

A group of Icelandic Canadians formed a pro hockey team that wasn’t accepted by other teams due to their nationality. They fought as a unit in the First World War, and lost two members. They then went on to represent Canada internationally, and won the country’s first-ever gold medal for hockey.

32

Toy business.

After its humble beginning manufacturing toys made out of German and U.S. parts in a 500 square-foot room, a Toronto toy company went on to become the largest in the British Empire, and one of the first to manufacture truly Canadian toys: those that were designed and manufactured in Canada and based on Canadian vehicles or objects.

31

Paying respect.

Police official Sam Steele was so admired that his funeral procession caused a temporary halt to the Winnipeg General Strike as the workers paused to pay their respects to the late officer4.

30

Vimy Ridge.

During the First World War, Canada’s role in the Battle of Vimy Ridge became one of the country’s most celebrated military victories.

29

Equality for all “persons.”

A woman in Edmonton was appointed the city’s police magistrate in 1916, becoming the first female magistrate in the British Empire. The same woman was later instrumental in the “Persons” case which allowed women to be viewed as “persons” under British law, deeming them eligible to serve in the senate.

28

Every vote counts.

In 1916, women win the right to vote in Manitoba, Saskatchewan, and Alberta. It set a precedent that lead to the 1919 ruling that granted all women over the age of 21 the right to vote in the federal election.

27

His words will never be forgotten.

Canadian Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae is believed to have written his poem, “In Flanders Fields,” during a bumpy ambulance ride through Essex Farm in Ypres, Belgium. The poppies grew throughout the battlefields and cemeteries of Flanders, and have come to symbolize the memory of the soldiers who have sacrificed their lives for the country’s freedom.

26

Answering the call.

Canada joined the First World War in 1914, fighting for the first time as an independent unit.

25

There’s got to be a better way.

After hearing an argument between a hotelier and a deliveryman over broken eggs, an astute Canadian newspaper editor got to work on an invention that would eliminate the need to literally put all of your eggs in one basket. The egg carton was born, and millions have been produced in the years since.

24

First in flight.

It was a pioneering Canadian aviator who became the first person in the British Empire to fly an airplane. Taking off from the ice in his plane, he travelled roughly 10 metres above the ground for almost a kilometre in Baddeck, NS.

23

Show me the money.

In 1908, Canada began minting its own currency—the first piece being a gold sovereign with a "C" for Canada—ending its need to import currency from England. Soon after, the mint started producing the first uniquely Canadian gold coins, featuring the word "Canada" and the country's coat of arms.

22

To the last Thistle.

With a 1907 population of around 4,000 people, Kenora, ON became the smallest town to ever win the Stanley Cup when the Kenora Thistles beat the Montreal Wanderers over a two-game series. Prior to the formation of the National Hockey League, the Wanderers were regarded as one of the most successful hockey teams in history.

21

Making waves.

It was a Canadian-born inventor who developed the idea for the radio, though he rarely gets the credit. His belief that radios worked via continuous waves was opposed by the Italian radio pioneer who insisted on his own “whiplash” theory at the time. The Canadian man’s theory was proven correct a decade later, accelerating the growth of radio technology.

20

Driving the point home.

During a demonstration on a Montreal street, salesmen P.L. Robertson had a spring-loaded screwdriver slip into his hand, cutting him badly. He decided he needed a safer screw. Soon after, he filed his patent for a square-headed Robertson® screw and screwdriver, which remain a favourite among builders and engineers today.

19

North by Northwest.

In 1906, a Norwegian sailor, travelling west of King William Island in what is now Nunavut, saw an American whaling ship that had come from San Francisco, CA. At that moment, he realized that he had achieved the elusive Northwest Passage in Canadian waters: a feat that explorers had obsessed over for nearly 400 years.

18

Writing wrongs.

In 1904, the Canadian Women’s Press Club was founded by Margaret Graham while travelling in a Canadian Pacific Railway Pullman car between Montreal and St. Louis. The club paved the way for female journalists for over a century before being disbanded in the early 2000s.

17

One long distance call.

Until 1901, no one had figured out how to send a radio signal across the ocean. One inventor attempted a new kind of transmission: the signal, sent from England, was so powerful it caused the transmitting equipment to shoot out sparks. Over 2000 miles away, a faint part of the signal was picked up by a kite flying 500 feet over Signal Hill in St. John’s, NL. It worked, and the technology went on to be used for ships to send out distress signals, and has been credited with saving over 700 in one famous incident alone.

16

Pioneering nuclear physics.

Canada got its first female nuclear physicist in 1901, a woman who had just received her Master’s degree. At the height of her career, she was considered one of the leading figures in her field.

15

A first on film.

The first kiss ever shown on film occurred in 1896 and starred a Canadian actress, who reenacted the scene from a stage production. The film was extremely controversial when it premiered, causing many to call for its removal from theatres.

14

Around the world in 1895.

In 1895, a 51-year-old Canadian sailor set out on a tiny sailboat and travelled the world solo. He became the first person to circumnavigate the earth on a sailboat, a feat of over 74,000 km. He’s now seen as the patron saint of small-boat voyagers, navigators, and adventurers.

13

A century ahead of its time.

One of the world’s first electric cars made its debut at a Toronto auto show in 1912. It was said to be able to reach a top speed of 25 km/h, and its battery could recharge by being attached to tramway power system lines.

12

They saw baskets. He saw hoops.

After being stuck with a restless physical education class during a long New England winter, Canadian James Naismith set out to invent a new indoor activity to keep his students occupied. The game of basketball was born.

11

A country connected.

In 1885, the rail director of the Canadian Pacific Railway drove the ceremonial last spike into the tracks, which connected Montreal all the way to Port Moody, BC. It became a catalyst for the country’s growth and development, and remains in use to this day.

10

Health nut.

A Canadian chemist was the first person to patent “peanut paste,” a source of nutrition for patients who couldn’t chew well due to cleft palates in 1884. It’s now known worldwide as peanut butter.

9

Playing through the pain.

After Canadian baseball infielder Arthur Irwin broke two of his fingers, he decided to stitch padding into a driving glove instead of missing games. In the process, he popularized what became the modern baseball glove, which is worn by all players today. Irwin was inducted into the Canadian Baseball Hall of Fame and Museum in 1989.

8

Braving more than bad weather.

Toronto’s first Black postal carrier started on the job in 1882. On his first day of work, other workers refused to show him his routes due to the colour of his skin. He persevered, and became a well-respected figure in his community, paving the way for those who followed.

7

A matter of time.

The same man responsible for Canada's first postage stamp was also known for his work engineering the Intercolonial Railway and the Canadian Pacific Railway. But his most influential contribution to the country, and the world, was his proposal of worldwide standard time zones in 18793.

6

Suffragette city.

The Toronto Women’s Literary Club was founded in 1876 by Emily Stowe, a doctor and women’s rights leader. The name shielded the club’s actual purpose: advocating for voting rights for women6.

5

Hello over there.

In 1876, the first telephone call between separate buildings was made from Mount Pleasant, ON to Brantford, ON. To say it was the first of many personal phone calls would be a slight understatement.

4

Drop the (wooden) puck.

The first organized, official indoor hockey game was played in 1875 in Montreal. A flat wooden puck was used instead of a lacrosse ball to prevent injuries to spectators, a decision that shaped one of the key aspects of the game into what it is today.

3

Let there be light.

Medical student Henry Woodward and his partner Matthew Evans built the first-ever incandescent light bulb. After trying and failing to get it off the ground, they sold their patent five years later. To a man named Thomas Edison1.

2

Start your steam engines.

Canada’s first-ever automobile was built by a man from Quebec in 1867. The steam-powered car promptly broke down the first time it was showcased in public. One year later, the refined invention ran smoothly in front of a large crowd at the Stanstead Fair.

1

A country is born.

The federal Dominion of Canada was founded on July 1, 1867.